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MonkeyPox: Is this a threat to Bangladesh by 2022?

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Dhaka airport on high alert for monkeypox

So far this virus has been identified in 12 countries. Dhaka airport is on high alert as monkeypox, a viral zoonotic disease is on the rise in many countries around the world.

To contain the virus, which has not yet been detected in Bangladesh, the Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh (CAAB) has tightened the screening process, especially for travelers arriving from countries where cases have been detected.

The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), in a directive issued on Saturday, asked health officials to put in place strict thermal controls for international travelers suspected of having a travel history to countries affected by monkeypox.

Soon after, the civil aviation regulatory body strengthened precautionary measures to protect public health.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), between May 12 and 21, monkeypox has been reported in 12 countries so far.

Cases have been detected in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and Australia.

However, no case has been identified in any Asian country so far.

Monkeypox occurs mainly in the rainforest regions of Central and West Africa and is sometimes exported to other regions.

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According to the WHO, monkeypox usually presents clinically with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes, back pain, muscle aches, and severe asthenia, which means a lack of energy, and can lead to a variety of medical complications. could.

CAAB President Air Vice Marshal M Mafidur Rahman told the Dhaka Tribune that there is no direct air connectivity with African countries, with many traveling as transit passengers.

“However, in this situation, if a passenger comes from those countries directly or as a transit passenger, we will take precautionary measures as per the directions of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS),” he said.

The CAAB chief said that they are monitoring the situation and any decision on travel restrictions will be taken if WHO, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), or International Air Transport Association (IATA) issues any advisory.

Mohamed Kamarul Islam, Group Captain, Dhaka Airport Executive Director, said, “Health policy and guidelines are strictly followed for incoming and outgoing passengers, irrespective of the country they arrive or depart from. “

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Stating that the airport health department will implement any DGHS directive, he said the right team and manpower are in place to handle the situation.

DGHS Guidelines in Ports, Airports

The DGHS, in its instructions, has asked port authorities to self-isolate international travelers arriving from 12 countries on the WHO list. The samples should then be sent to the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) and the Institute for Disease Epidemiology, Control, and Research (IEDCR).

However, cases of monkeypox are being reported in people who have not traveled to those countries. Therefore, the health authorities of all airports and land/border ports should always be on alert.

They should make a list of patients with symptoms and send them to the nearest government hospital or disease control hospital and make arrangements for isolation.

On 13 May, the WHO was notified of two laboratory-confirmed cases and a possible case of monkeypox in the same household in the United Kingdom.

On May 15, four additional laboratory-confirmed cases of sexually active gay men with the vesicular rash disease were reported among sexual healthcare attendees.

Latest CAB Health Information

On April 20, the CAAB updated its travel instructions, making it mandatory for arriving passengers to fill out an online health declaration form 72 hours before departure. The form must be submitted upon immigration.

It is approved for the treatment of monkeypox with an antiviral drug treatment smallpox (Tecovirimt, sold as TPOX). Other smallpox vaccines may offer limited protection because the two diseases are members of the same family. People who have been vaccinated against smallpox have some protection against chickenpox.

Monkeypox is a rare infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus (genus). Monkeypox is associated with the virus, but not with the virus. After the global eradication of the cocoon spring

In 1977, monkeypox was a major cause of orthodox prevalence in humans. Initially in West African and Central African countries. Outbreaks that appear to be getting worse in these African countries usually occur in remote forest areas.

In Africa, in 2018, cases of monkeypox were reported in central Cameroon. Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria. In September 2018, two cases of monkeypox were imported into the UK. Export other cases were later confirmed in other African countries.

monkeypox

Preliminary information about Monkeypox

The main cause of monkeypox is the monkeypox virus. Its genus name is Orthopoxvirus and its family name is Poxviridae.

The monkey virus is common in the rainforests of West and Central Africa.Common symptoms of smallpox are fever, rash, and swollen lymph nodes. It can cause various medical complications.

Monkeypox spreads through deep physical contact. Infected individuals and animals are the main cause of the epidemic.Monkeypox spreads in many ways, such as through close contact, using the same cloth, blanket, towel, or dish.

Visible symptoms of monkeypox

  1. Fever
  2. Extreme headaches
  3. Lymph nodes
  4. Back discomfort
  5. Laziness.

The rash first starts on the face and then on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. At first, glance flattened, red blisters and sometimes letter blisters form from lumps. After a few days, the blisters started to fall.

What is the relationship between chickenpox and chickenpox?

Monkeypox is a rare condition that can be misdiagnosed as chickenpox or syphilis. Monkeypox, like chickenpox, produces spotted blisters filled with small liquids that can become blisters or spots. The main difference between smallpox and smallpox is that smallpox induces swelling of the lymph nodes.

The rash can be found all over the body, including the palms, soles, and mouth. Symptoms of smallpox usually appear within 5 to 21 days after infection and resolve within 2 to 4 weeks.

Is there a cure for monkeypox?

It is approved for the treatment of monkeypox with an antiviral drug treatment smallpox (Tecovirimt, sold as TPOX). Other smallpox vaccines may offer limited protection because the two diseases are members of the same family. People who have been vaccinated against smallpox have some protection against chickenpox.

According to the World Health Organization, people under the age of 40-50 have been vaccinated against smallpox since the vaccine expired in 1980. (There are recommendations from the WHO)

Do

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Eat only well-cooked meat

Please don’t

  • Do not go near wild animals or stray animals including dead animals
  • Stay away from animals that seem sick
  • Do not eat or touch the flesh of wild animals
  • Do not share beds or towels with people who are sick and may have monkeypox
  • Avoid close contact with sick people and may have monkeypox
Treatment of monkeypox

The goal of treating monkeypox is to relieve symptoms. The illness is usually mild and most people recover within 2-4 weeks.

However, monkeypox can spread in close contact and should be isolated when diagnosing.

You may need to stay in a specialized hospital to treat your symptoms and prevent the infection from spreading to others.

Check the TravelHealthPro website for risks in your destination country.

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